a yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, indicating excess bilirubin (a bile pigment) in the blood. Jaundice is classified into three types. Obstructive jaundice occurs when bile made in the liver fails to reach the intestine due to obstruction of the bile ducts (e.g. by gallstones) or to cholestasis. The urine is dark, the faeces pale, and the patient may itch. Hepatocellular jaundice is due to disease of the liver cells, such as hepatitis, when the liver is unable to utilize the bilirubin, which accumulates in the blood. The urine may be dark but the faeces retain their colour. Haemolytic jaundice occurs when there is excessive destruction of red cells in the blood (see haemolysis). Urine and faeces retain their normal colour.
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  • Jaundice — Jaun dice, v. t. To affect with jaundice; to color by prejudice or envy; to prejudice. [1913 Webster] The envy of wealth jaundiced his soul. Ld. Lytton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jaundice — Jaun dice (?; 277), n. [OE. jaunis, F. jaunisse, fr. jaune yellow, orig. jalne, fr. L. galbinus yellowish, fr. galbus yellow.] (Med.) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the f[ae]ces,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jaundice — [jôn′dis] n. [ME jaundis < OFr jaunisse < jaune, yellow < L galbinus, greenish yellow < galbus, yellow, prob. via Celt * galbos < IE base * ghel ,YELLOW] 1. a) a condition in which the eyeballs, the skin, and the urine become… …   English World dictionary

  • jaundice — index bias, intolerance, predetermination, prejudice (influence) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • jaundice — (n.) c.1300, jaunis, from O.Fr. jaunice, earlier jalnice, yellowness (12c.), from jaune yellow, from L. galbinus greenish yellow, probably from PIE *ghel yellow, green (see CHLOE (Cf. Chloe)). With intrusive d (Cf. gender, astound, thunder …   Etymology dictionary

  • jaundice — ► NOUN 1) Medicine yellowing of the skin due to a bile disorder. 2) bitterness or resentment. DERIVATIVES jaundiced adjective. ORIGIN Old French jaunice yellowness …   English terms dictionary

  • Jaundice — Yellowing redirects here. For the plant disease, see lethal yellowing. For paper degradation, see foxing. Icterus and icteric redirect here. For the physiological event, see Ictal. For the songbird Icteria, see Yellow breasted Chat. Jaundice… …   Wikipedia

  • Jaundice — Yellowish staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally blood high levels of the bile pigment bilirubin. The yellowing extends to other tissues and body fluids. Jaundice was once called the morbus regius (the regal… …   Medical dictionary

  • jaundice — /jawn dis, jahn /, n., v., jaundiced, jaundicing. n. 1. Also called icterus. Pathol. yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, etc., due to an increase of bile pigments in the blood, often symptomatic of certain diseases, as hepatitis …   Universalium

  • jaundice — [14] Jaundice is literally ‘yellowness’. The word came from Old French jaunice, which was a derivative of the adjective jaune ‘yellow’ (the d in the middle appeared towards the end of the 14th century). The derived adjective jaundiced [17]… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

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